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Communication Sciences and Disorders Resources: Citation Tools

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Shannon Johnson's picture
Shannon Johnson
Contact:
Associate Librarian
(260) 267-6502

Help with Citations

APA and Websites

Websites

For a passing reference to a website in text, the URL is sufficient; no reference list entry is needed.

Example: Gussie Fink-Nottle has set up a discussion forum for newt fanciers (http://gfnnfg.livejournal.com/).

However, when you are citing a particular document or piece of information from a website, include both a reference list entry and an in-text citation. The key to creating the reference list entry is to determine the type of content on the web page. Basically, provide the following four pieces of information:

Example: Author, A. (date). Title of document [Format description]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxx

The in-text citation includes the author and date (Author, date), as with any other APA Style citation.

 

Youtube

Here’s the general format for creating a reference for a video found on YouTube and other video-posting websites:

  • If both the real name of the person who posted the video and the screen name are known:

Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxx

  • If only the screen name of the person who posted the video is known:

Screen name. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxx The in-text citations include the author name outside of brackets (whichever that may be) and the date.