Skip to Main Content

IEEE Citation Style

IEEE Style

The Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional organization which supports several types of engineers, publishes content on engineering topics, and establishes standards for many industries.  

IEEE Citation Basics

IEEE Citation is a little different from other citation styles.  Here's a few things to remember when formatting your citation using this style.

  • Your reference list is not in alphabetical order, but in the order the citations appear in your paper.
  • When a work has six or more authors, list the first author's name and then et al.
  • Periodicals and conference titles are often abbreviated; common abbreviations appear below.

In-Text Citing

Refer to each source with a number in brackets and inside the punctuation.  

Number your sources as they are cited in your paper.  


Terminology for algorithms was first standardized in 1990 [1].  

This theory was tested repeatedly and found to have flaws in its implementation [4].

Einstein [3] stated that...


Be thorough, but leave out any information you do not have when formatting your reference list. 

Anytime you have a sources you access through the web, add as much of the following information as you can to the end of your citation: date accessed, doi (Digital Object Identifier), the type of medium, and available at URL.



J.K. Author, Title of Book, edition. City of Publisher, State, Country: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, chapter x, section x, pp. xx-xx.


[1] E. Finn, What Algorithms Want: Imagination in the Age of Computing. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press, 2017.

[2] J. Smed and H. Hakonen, Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games, 2nd ed. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley, 2017.



J.K. Author, "Name of article," Abbreviated Title of Periodical, vol x, no. x, pp xx-xx, Abbreviated month, year.


[1] I. Saniee, "Scalable algorithms for large and dynamic networks: reducing big data for small computations," Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 20, pp. 23-33, Jun., 2015. Accessed on Sept 19, 2017. doi: 10.15325/BLTJ2015.2437465, [Online]. Available:

[2] F. Lin et al., "Multiobjective evolutionary algorithm based on nondominated sorting and bidirectional local search for big data," IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat., vol. 13, no. 4, Aug., 2017.

[3] S. Rani, S.H. Ahmed, R. Talwar, and J. Malhotra, "Can sensors collect big data? An energy-efficient big data gathering algorithm for a WSN," IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat., vol. 13, no. 4, Aug., 2017. Accessed Sept. 19, 2017. doi: 10.1109/TII.2017.2656899. [Online]. Available:

Conference Papers


J.K. Author, "Title of Paper," in Abbreviated Name of Conference, (conference location optional), year, pp. xx-xx. 


[1] A.P. Plageras and K.E. Psannis, "Algorithms for Big Data Deliver over the Internet of Things," in 2017 IEEE 19th Conf. Bus. Informatics.

[2] R. Romero-Zaliz, A. Gonzales, and R. Perez, "Incremental fuzzy learning algorithms in big data problems: a study on the size of learning subsets," in 2017 IEEE Int. Conf. Fuzzy Syst. [Online]. Available:



Title of Standard, Standard number, date.


[1] IEEE Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology, IEEE Standard 610.12, 1990.

[2] Standard Practice for Special Requirements for Bumper Boats, ASTM Standard F2460, 2011. 



J.K. Author. "Page Title." Website Title. Web Address (accessed date).


[1] T. Spencer. "Florida city pays $600,000 ransom to save computer records." (accessed June 19, 2019).


IEEE Style uses abbreviatations for certain words in conference and journal publication titles.  Here's a few of the most common abbreviations:

Full Word in Publication Title Abbreviation
Annals Ann.
Annual Annu.
Colloquium Colloq.
Conference Conf.
Digest Dig.
International Int.
National Nat.
Proceedings Proc.
First 1st
Engineering Eng.
Journal J.

 For more official IEEE abbreviations, check here: